In this article we look at the Principles and Characteristics of the Rule of Law. We also look at Legality as a political ideal. We conclude by considering the role of legality in society. And we look at the relationship between law and morality. We’ll also look at the historical development of the rule of law.
Principles of the Rule of Law
Principles of the Rule of Law are fundamental values that help government administer justice. Justice is delivered by impartial, accessible, and competent representatives who reflect the diversity of the communities they serve. These values are found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In order to achieve this goal, the rule of law should be based on four universal principles. These principles are based on internationally accepted standards and have been tested by international experts.
Origins of the Rule of Law
The Rule of Law is a concept that says everyone is subject to the law. It stands in contrast to oligarchy and tyranny. It originated when Archbishop Stephen Langton gathered a group of Barons in England and forced King John to rule under the rule of law. This resulted in Magna Carta, which preserved the ancient liberties while requiring taxes. The principle was later used to create the United States Constitution.
Characteristics of the Rule of Law
A rule of law is a system of laws that governs society. This system includes both formal and procedural principles. The former addresses the manner in which a community governs itself, while the latter focuses on the norms, institutions, and processes that make these norms work. The latter is a more controversial idea.
Legality as a political ideal
Legality is a political ideal associated with freedom and equality. This ideal is often mistaken for legalism, which is disassociated from the values of legality and equality. However, it has a very real connection with these ideals.
Legality as a professional identity
Legality as a professional identity is an important component of an attorney’s self-awareness. It allows an attorney to make a difference in the legal community. But what exactly does this identity look like? A professional identity is a combination of a lawyer’s personal legal morality, decision-making process, and self-consciousness about the legal culture.
Relationship between legality and morality
A central question in jurisprudential reflection today is the relationship between morality and law. Legal validity depends on the moral validity of an action. Morality consists of social principles and ethical codes that govern behavior. An action is moral or immoral if it is motivated by moral principles.